Through family class sponsorship, a Canadian citizen or permanent resident can sponsor a dependent child living abroad to come join them in Canada and become a permanent resident. The purpose of sponsoring a dependent child is to enable family members who reside in different countries to be reunited in Canada.
In order to be eligible for sponsorship, a child must be dependent, meaning they are:
If a child is over the age of 22, they may qualify as dependent as long as they:
To sponsor your child to come to Canada, you must:
The length of the undertaking for a dependent child in Canada who are under the age of 22 is 10 years or until they reach 25 years of age, whichever comes first. If the dependent child is over the age of 22, the length of the undertaking is three years.
If you wish to sponsor your dependent child to come to Quebec, the province has its own immigration procedures and additional steps you will have to take.
You will need to file and application at the provincial level with the Ministère de l’Immigration, de la Francisation and de l’Intégration (MIFI) on top of the usual application at the federal level with Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC).
Moreover, applicants who reside in Quebec will need to apply for a Quebec Selection Certificate (QSC) and sign an “undertaking” with the province. The undertaking requires you, as a sponsor, to provide for the basic needs of the dependent child and reimburse the government for an assistance provided to the sponsored person during the sponsorship period, if applicable.
Finally, the length of undertaking for a dependent child in Quebec is different than the rest of Canada and is varies according to their age. If the dependent child is under 16 years of age, the undertaking is for a minimum of 10 years, or until the age of 18, whichever is longer. If the dependent child is 16 years of age and older, the undertaking is a minimum of three years, or until the age of 25, whichever is longer.
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