How to apply for proof of Canadian citizenship

Julia Hornstein
Published: October 12, 2023

You may be eligible for Canadian citizenship if you were born outside of Canada and at least one of your biological or legal parents at birth were a Canadian citizen.

Schedule a Free Canadian Citizenship Consultation with the Cohen Immigration Law Firm

Proof of Canadian citizenship allows you to enjoy all the benefits of being a Canadian, including voting in federal elections, getting a social insurance number (SIN), access to universal healthcare, getting a driver’s license and holding one of the world’s most powerful passports.

In order to prove Canadian citizenship, you can submit a proof of Canadian citizenship application to the Canadian government. This is also known as applying for a Canadian citizenship certificate.

The Canadian citizenship certificate and a Canadian birth certificate are the only two documents accepted by Passport Canada as proof of Canadian citizenship.

You can apply for a citizenship certificate at any time and irrespective if your Canadian parent is alive or deceased.

How to apply for a Canadian citizenship certificate

You can apply for a Canadian citizenship certificate on Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada’s (IRCC) website.

You must provide evidence that at least one of your legal or biological parent at birth was a Canadian citizen.

Evidence can include:

  • Your parent’s birth certificate
  • Your parent’s Canadian citizenship card
  • Your parent’s citizenship certificate

It is important to note that Canada limits citizenship by descent to the first generation born outside Canada or to a Canadian parent, so you will not be eligible if only your grandparents or other extended family is Canada.

In addition, if you were born abroad and adopted by a Canadian after your birth, you are not eligible to apply for a Canadian citizenship.

You can submit the application and evidence online provided that your Canadian parent was born in Canada on or after February 15, 1977, or was granted citizenship on or after April 17, 2009. Otherwise, you must submit a paper application.

Once IRCC receives your application, you will receive an “acknowledgement of receipt” and your file will be reviewed and processed. You may check the processing status of your application online, as processing times may vary based on individual circumstances. IRCC may also request additional information or documents.

Schedule a Free Canadian Citizenship Consultation with the Cohen Immigration Law Firm

Share this article
Share your voice
Did you find this article helpful?
Thank you for your feedback.
Subscribe to our newsletter
Did you find this article helpful?
Please provide a response
Thank you for your helpful feedback
Please contact us if you would like to share additional feedback, have a question, or would like Canadian immigration assistance.
  • Do you need Canadian immigration assistance? Contact the Contact Cohen Immigration Law firm by completing our form
  • Send us your feedback or your non-legal assistance questions by emailing us at media@canadavisa.com
Related articles
Express Entry: IRCC invites 1,499 candidates in latest draw
Candidates have received ITAs in that latest Express Entry draw
Category-based Express Entry draws: A year in review
people in nature and smile with grandparents, parents and children bonding.
IRCC introduces interim measure allowing some foreign nationals to gain Canadian citizenship faster
Two young adults, male and female, with backpacks, enjoying time together during a hike on a beautiful sunny spring day.
Report recommends that Canada phase out closed work permits
Two workers in a factory are talking and smiling
Top Stories
Express Entry: IRCC invites 1,499 candidates in latest draw
Category-based Express Entry draws: A year in review
Live Webinar: Preparing for Success: Immigration and Banking Advice for International Students in Canada
Join our free newsletter. Get Canada's top immigration stories delivered to your inbox.
Subscribe
More in Live Webinar
Live Webinar: Preparing for Success: Immigration and Banking Advice for International Students in Canada
oving to a new country as an international student can be exciting, but it's normal to feel some uncertainty too.
Live Webinar: A Clear Path to Academic Achievement in Canada Redefined
Attain a great score on your language assessment and increase your chances of admission to a Canadian university.
Watch the Webinar: Finding your first job in Canada
While the prospect of finding employment before arriving in Canada may seem overwhelming, we're here to help and provide useful tips that may help you along this journey.
Watch the Webinar: CAEL – Test Structure and Strategies to Help You Ace the Speaking Component
Link copied to clipboard