According to the Canadian Constitution, immigration is a shared responsibility between the federal and provincial governments.
Until 1998, there were very few provincial immigration programs, and most immigrants chose to settle in urban centres in British Columbia, Ontario, and Quebec. To counter this and spread the benefits of immigration throughout Canada, the federal and provincial governments worked together to establish the Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) in the hope it would encourage newcomers to settle in other provinces.
The PNP has proven to be a tremendous success and it will be Canada’s leading economic class pathway in 2022 and 2023, accounting for over 80,000 new immigrants each year.
While Immigration Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) always has the final say in a permanent residency application, individual provinces and territories can nominate applicants who they feel have the strongest chance of economically establishing themselves within the province.
Candidates who use a PNP can do so through two streams: they can apply directly to a province through a base stream or get an enhanced nomination through the federal Express Entry system.
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For those who want to gain Canadian permanent residence, it is possible to apply directly to a province. This is known as base provincial nomination. There are over 80 PNP streams throughout Canada and it is up to the candidate to self-evaluate which program is the best fit and follow the steps on the provincial government website. Once a province receives the application, they will review it to decide whether to grant a candidate a provincial nomination.
If a candidate is successful, they must then submit the letter of nomination, along with their application for permanent residence, to IRCC. It is also possible to apply for a base PNP if you are already in the Express Entry pool but are seeking additional pathways.
Enhanced nomination through the PNP is often a quicker way of getting Canadian permanent residence. If a candidate is eligible for at least one of the Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP), the Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP) or the Canadian Experience Class (CEC), they can create an Express Entry profile on the federal government’s website.
Once a profile is created, provincial governments have access to the Express Entry pool and can review the candidates. If they notice a candidate that would be a good fit for the province, they can send them a notification of interest inviting the candidate to apply for provincial nomination.
If the candidate accepts the provincial nomination, they must then submit a PNP application separately.
If provincial eligibility requirements are satisfied, the candidate will receive a letter of nomination that they can add to their Express Entry profile for an additional 600 Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) points. These additional points make it highly likely that an Express Entry candidate will receive an invitation to apply (ITA) from IRCC.
In the enhanced process, the steps are as follows:
Express Entry process:
The PNP comes with many advantages, particularly enhanced nomination. A provincial nomination through an Express Entry program will significantly increase your odds of getting a permanent residence invitation and you will also benefit from a processing standard of six months. This is better than the current average processing time for base PNP streams of 27 months.
However, there are also fees to consider. Express Entry fees with IRCC start at $1,365 CAD, plus the cost of biometrics, language tests and educational credential assessments. There are also additional fees if you are immigrating with a spouse or a dependent.
Canadian government permanent residence fees effective April 30, 2022
|Processing fee ($850) and right of permanent residence fee ($515)||$1,365|
|Spouse or partner processing fee ($850) and right of permanent residence fee ($515)||$1,365|
|Include a dependent child||$230 (per child)|
Many PNPs also have application fees that range from $250 to $1,500, depending on the program. Essentially, with a PNP you are paying application fees twice. Once for a province to process your PNP application, and then for IRCC to process your permanent residence application. However, there are four jurisdictions that do not charge fees to apply for provincial nominations: Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, Northwest Territories, and the Yukon.
Provincial Nominee Program Fees 2022
|Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) + Quebec||Application fee for principal applicant|
|Alberta Advantage Immigration Program (AAIP)||$500|
|British Columbia Provincial Nominee Program (BC PNP)||$1,150|
|Manitoba Provincial Nominee Program (MPNP)||$500|
|New Brunswick Provincial Nominee Program (NB PNP)||$250|
|Newfoundland and Labrador Nominee Program (NLPNP)||$0|
|Nova Scotia Nominee Program (NSNP)||$0|
|Northwest Territories Nominee Program (NTNP)||$0|
|Ontario Immigrant Nominee Program (OINP)||$1,500|
|Prince Edward Island Provincial Nominee Program (PEI PNP)||$300|
|Saskatchewan Immigrant Nominee Program (SINP)||$350|
|Yukon Nominee Program (YNP)||$0|
Ultimately, applying for or accepting provincial nomination is different for each candidate as every situation is unique. The best thing to do is research thoroughly, speak with an expert and decide what works best for your situation, budget, and timeframe.
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